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akershus fortress history

Akershus Fortress is a must-see landmark for military history enthusiasts. Akershus Castle and Fortress seen from Oslofjord. The Norwegian Ministry of Defence and the country's Defence Staff Norway share a joint modern headquarters in the eastern part of the fortress. Akershus Fortress, seen from the land side Akershus is one of the most important fortresses in Norway. The castle's Royal Mausoleum is the final resting place of a number of Norwegian royal figures. Akershus was besieged yet again in 1523, this time by Swedish soldiers but Oslo’s inhabitants, at the command of Hans Mule, burned down their houses in an attempt to drive them out and the Swedes retreated after a short period. It is not known exactly when the construction of the castle started but it is believed that it took place around the late 1290s, by King Haakon V, replacing Tønsberg as one of the two most important Norwegian castles of the period (the other being Båhus). The castle has also been used as a military base, and is today a museum, open for public. After the war, eight Norwegian traitors who had been tried for war crimes and sentenced to death were also executed at the fortress. [1] Fue fundada en la Edad Media como un castillo real, que servía también de sede para los representantes del rey.. En el siglo XVII fue modificado en estilo renacentista y rodeado de una fortaleza con bastiones. The siege was eventually broken by a local Norwegian army in a battle. The castle survived until the 16th century all the attempts to destroy the building. From the time of the first recorded Viking raid in England in 793 CE to the two invasions of England by the Norwegian King Harald Hardrada and the Norman-Viking William the Conqueror in 1066, Scandinavian raiding parties terrorized all of Europe. It has housed many rebels and criminals through Norwegian history. I lost count on how many times the castle has been besieged, but in those many times, it was never conquered by a foreign country. History & Haunting of: Akershus castle, Oslo, Norway Akershus Fortress is a medieval castle that was built to protect Oslo, the capital of Norway. The castle boasts everything from the former living quarters of medieval Danish-Norwegian royalty to dank dungeons and also the castle church, now a military church. The castle has also been used as a military base, a prison and is currently the temporary office of the Prime minister of Norway.[1]. July attacks in 2011, the Office of the Norwegian Prime minister has been located close to the fortress in a building that originally belongs to the Norwegian Ministry of Defense. Akershus is a traditional region and current electoral district in Norway, with Oslo as its main city and traditional capital. The fortress is open to the public. After construction of the castle was finished around 1300, Haakon V gradually started to use the castle as a residential palace, favoring the keep over the Oslo Kongsgard Estate despite the fact that the castle likely was unsuited as a residence. The fortress remains undefeated since its construction in 1299, save when it peacefully surrendered to the Nazis without combat in 1940, when the city was evacuated due to a German attack on Denmark and Norway. Akershus Fortress is a great place to discover Oslo's history and enjoy a summer day. The castle was not besieged again until 1502 when Scottish soldiers in the service of the Danish king besieged the castle in order to regain it from the hands of the Norwegian nobleman Knut Alvsson. If you know of any information on this page that needs updating you can add a comment above or e-mail us. [citation needed], Media related to Akershus Fortress at Wikimedia Commons, Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}59°54′24″N 10°44′10″E / 59.90667°N 10.73611°E / 59.90667; 10.73611. The fortress was subsequently modernized and remodeled, with the new appearance being that of a renaissance castle with Italian inspired bastions. The immediate proximity of the sea was a key feature, for nava… The fortress was strategically important for the capital, and therefore, Norway as well. Akershus has also been a prison, with a section of it known as The Slavery (Norwegian: Slaveriet) because the prisoners could be rented out for work in the city. [2] King Christian II besieged the castle from 1531 to 1532 but the siege was lifted by forces from Denmark and Lübeck. His Majesty the King's Guard is responsible for guarding the fortress, with stationary guard posts during open hours and mobile patrols at night. Anyone, foreign or otherwise, can visit the Akershus grounds for free, and a visit to the castle and the complex’s different museums will give you a … Particularly well-known people to have been imprisoned there include author Gjest Baardsen (1791–1849), and the similarly idealized thief Ole Høiland. Despite a solid door, especially in the Akershus fortress is a Museum. Among those executed were Vidkun Quisling and Siegfried Fehmer. Strategically located on a rock above the Oslo Fjord, the Akershus Fortress kept watch over the safety of King Håkon V and his Norwegian subjects during the Middle Ages. The castle primarily functioned as a palace until the turn of the 19th century, with new towers, halls, chambers and gates being added over time. After this siege the castle was improved and strengthened. The first construction on the castle started around the late 1290s, by King Haakon V, replacing Tønsberg as one of the two most important Norwegian castles of the period (the other being Båhus). Summary [] Uncover the deep history behind Akershus Fortress and the Royal Palace in this three-hour historical tour in Oslo, while accompanied by a certified, expert guide. The fortress’s value came from its strategic location near the sea, and it has survived numerous sieges, never being captured in … [4][5][6] The last Norwegian king prior to the establishment of the Kalmar Union, Olaf II, was born at the castle in 1370. There’s plenty to see at Akershus Fortress. It is named for Akershus Fortress in Oslo. The fortress was constructed by King Kin Haakon V. The Castle was constructed to protect the soldiers, defend the city and people who were living in the town. Akershus Castle and Fortress (Akershus Slott og Festning): History - See 3,155 traveler reviews, 3,176 candid photos, and great deals for Oslo, Norway, at Tripadvisor. History Hit brings you the stories that shaped the world through our award winning podcast network and an online history channel. Now fully restored, Akershus Fortress is both a popular tourist attraction and a site used for official government and state functions. Built in the late 1290s by King Haakon V to protect the city from invasion, the complex has been in continuous … Akershus Fortress has witnessed the ups and downs of Norway’s history for 700 years. One of the stationary guard posts at the entrance is a popular photography spot for tourists visiting the fortress. https://www.regjeringen.no/no/dep/smk/kontakt/id883/, "Akershus Slott og Festning - Akershus Slotts Venner", "Kongeboliger og nasjonalskatter i Norge", "3. des: Margretes nødbrev Eder, min allerkjæreste...", "Norske Dramatikeres Forbund Raud vinter", "Kautokeino-opprøret 1852: Rettsoppgjøret", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Akershus_Fortress&oldid=996986180, Buildings and structures completed in the 13th century, Articles with dead external links from June 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Articles containing Norwegian-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from October 2012, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 29 December 2020, at 13:56. It has housed many rebels and criminals through Norwegian history. The fortress was first used in battle in 1308, when it was besieged by the Swedish duke Eric of Södermanland, whose brother won the Swedish throne in 1309. The immediate proximity of the sea was a key feature, for naval power was a vital military force as the majority of Norwegian commerce in that period was by sea. Akershus Fortress (Akershus Festning) has been a vital stronghold and royal residence in Oslo since the 14th century. It was built as protection from a Swedish earl who attacked it in 1363. Particularly well-known people to have been imprisoned there include author Gjest Baardsen (1791–1849), and the similarly idealized thief Ole Høiland. As well as the castle, the Norwegian Armed Forces Museum and Norway's Resistance Museum can also be visited. Akershus Fortress has been a vital stronghold and royal residence in Oslo since the 14th century. This includes King Sigurd I, King Haakon V, Queen Eufemia, King Haakon VII, Queen Maud, King Olav V and Crown Princess Märtha. Also, many early Norwegian socialists (supporters of Marcus Thrane, 1817–1890) also spent time in the cells of Akershus. The Akershus fortress construction started after the year 1290. The Drøbak Sound … Akershus has also been a prison, with a section of it known as The Slavery (Norwegian: Slaveriet) because the prisoners could be rented out for work in the city. Oslo Cathedral is a 17th century Dutch Baroque style church in a cruciform shape. The building of Akershus Castle and Fortress was commenced in 1299 under king Håkon V. The medieval castle, which was completed in the 1300s, had a strategical location at the very end of the headland, and withstood a number of sieges throughout the ages. See some of … a section of it known as The Slavery (Norwegian: Slaveriet) as the prisoners could be rented out for work in the city. The fortress has successfully survived all sieges, primarily by Swedish forces, including those by forces led by Charles XII in 1716. Akershus Fortress had been the defender of the capital Oslo/Christiania for hundred of years. The priso… 4 May 2017. It was a win-win! The attack was unsuccessful, and Akerhaus Fortress became a stronghold in Oslo. Also, many early Norwegian socialists (supporters of Marcus Thrane, 1817–1890) also spent time in the cells of Akershus. The Fortress of Akershus was built under King Haakon V in 1299 as a medieval castle. The building of Akershus Castle and Fortress was commenced in 1299 … After the 22. Akershus Fortress. La fortaleza de Akershus (en noruego: Akershus festning) es un complejo de edificaciones militares ubicado en Oslo, Noruega, y situado estratégicamente junto al fiordo de Oslo. The county is named after Akershus Fortress. Akershus Fortress is also home to the Armed Forces Museum and Norway's Resistance Museum. For more information on a trip to Oslo, Norway and other historical destinations visit http://www.travelthruhistory.tv Whoever controlled Akershus fortress ruled Norway. The Norway Resistance Museum is dedicated to the country’s national history during World War II. The name is somewhat misleading nowadays, since the fortress is now outside Akershus (it is in Oslo county since 1842). United Kingdom: Cambridge University Press. Following the 1852 Laestadian Sámi revolt in Guovdageaidnu, all men except the two leaders Aslak Hætta and Mons Somby (who were beheaded in Alta) ended up in Akershus Fortress – the women were imprisoned in Trondheim. It has a strategical location at the very end of the headland, and withstood a number of sieges throughout the ages. Also known as Akershus Castle (Akershus Slott), it was begun in 1299 under King Hakon V and would go on to play an important defensive role, surviving several sieges. Many tourists enjoy visiting the fortress: [3] The castle becoming a royal residence also played a significant role in the process where the capital for Norway was moved from Bergen to Oslo. Also known as Akershus Castle (Akershus Slott), it was begun in 1299 under King Hakon V and would go on to play an important defensive role, surviving several sieges. The fortress right in the middle of Oslo Harbour, Panorama of Akershus Castle from the seafront, The year is that in which they first took command. [7] The king ordered the new city to be located closer to Akershus Fortress, renaming the city Christiania. Akershus Fortress is a great place to discover Oslo's history and enjoy a summer day. The fortress has been at the center of the nation’s … Captions. Language; ... WikiProject Military history (Rated C-Class) This article is within the scope of the Military history WikiProject. Why Visit Akershus Fortress (Akershus Festning)? During World War II, people were executed here by the German occupiers, including members of the Pelle group. The prisoners of Akershus – from The Middle Ages to 1950 The exhibition, which consists of text, photos and artefacts follows the history of prisoners at Akershus castle in The Middle Ages, and inside the fortress up until the Settlement after WW2, and the prison's final closure in 1950. Many of the rebels died after a few years in captivity. From 2020 the former county of Akershus was merged into Viken along with the former counties of Østfold and Busk… Since the Middle Ages the fortress has been the namesake and centre of the main fief and later main county of Akershus, which was originally one of Norway's four main regions and which included most of Eastern Norway. I love places that don’t cost us an arm and a leg. However it surrendered without combat to Nazi Germany in 1940 when the Norwegian government evacuated the capital in the face of the unprovoked German assault on Denmark and Norway (see Operation Weserübung). The Akerhaus Fortress has a 700 year old history. Akershus Fortress (Akershus Festning) has been a vital stronghold and royal residence in Oslo since the 14th century. Also known as Akershus Castle (Akershus Slott), it was begun in 1299 under King Hakon V and would go on to play an important defensive role, surviving several sieges. Although still a military area, the Akershus Fortress is open to the public between 6:00 and 21:00 daily. Akershus is still a military base, which is why you’ll see adolescents patrolling with bushy feathers on their heads. The history of Norway for seven centuries is closely connected with the fortress. The Oslo Historical Museum houses historical collections ranging from prehistoric Norwegian items to those from East Asia and Africa. It was constructed in response to the Norwegian nobleman, Earl Alv Erlingsson of Sarpsborg’s earlier attack on Oslo that occurred in 1287. The fortress was built in 1299, and the meaning of the name is "the (fortified) house of (the district) Aker". From the middle ages to 1919 Akershus was a fief and main county that included most of Eastern Norway; from the 17th century to 2020 Akershus also had a more narrow meaning as a (sub) county that included most of the Greater Oslo Region. Add to Plan. It has housed many rebels and criminals through Norwegian history. Larson, J. L. (2010). While we work as hard as we can to ensure the information provided here about Akershus Fortress is as accurate as possible, the changing nature of certain elements mean we can't absolutely guarantee that these details won't become a thing of the past. When the king was absent, the castle functioned as the seat of the Steward of Norway. Akershus Fortress (Norwegian: Akershus Festning) or Akershus Castle (Norwegian: Akershus slott) is a medieval castle in the Norwegian capital Oslo that was built to protect and provide a royal residence for the city. Akershus Fortress or Castle is a medieval castle that was built to protect Oslo, the capital of Norway. [9] Among the survivors was Lars Hætta (18 years at the time of imprisonment), who during his stay was allowed time and means to write the first translation of the Bible into North Sámi.[10]. The fortress itself was located within the Akershus main county until 1919, and also within the smaller Akershus sub county until 1842. In the early 17th century, the fortress was modernized and remodeled under the reign of the active King Christian IV, and got the appearance of a renaissance castle.The fortress was first used in battle in 1308, when it was besieged by the Swedish duke Eric of Södermanland, whose brother won the Swedish throne in 1309. Akershus Fortress History. Talk:Akershus Fortress. Several significant figures from the Norwegian middle ages, including Haakon IV, Queen Euphemia, Ingeborg Eriksdottir and Queen Margaret, all resided at the castle, which functioned as the official Norwegian royal residence for several decades. However, the letter does not mention how far the construction of the castle had progressed by then. Eksplore the history of Akershus Fortress . Norway is most commonly known as the home of the Vikings (though Sweden and Denmark were also Viking homelands). [8] The prison was also a plot element in the film Fante-Anne (1920). Akershus Fortress is a great place to discover Oslo's history and enjoy a summer day. Following the great fire of 1624, King Christian IV made the decision to relocate and rebuild the entire city of Oslo. Norwegian Biographical Lexicon , Mar 26 2017 . History. Akershus Fortress or Akershus Castle is a medieval castle that was built to protect and provide a royal residence for Oslo, the capital of Norway. Since restoration of the main building, the castle has frequently been used as the venue for official events and dinners for dignitaries and foreign heads of state. Akershus has played a significant role for more than 700 years. The castle is mentioned in written sources for the first time in 1300 in a letter from King Haakon to a church in Oslo. Add a one-line explanation of what this file represents. Akershus has also been a prison,In 1842 there were 530 prisoners at the fortress all of them were men, there were no women prisoners here. If you would like to participate, please visit the project page, where you can join the project and see a list of open tasks. The Norwegian Museum of Cultural History tells the story of the country’s cultural heritage over the centuries. The building of Akershus Castle and Fortress was commenced in 1299 under king Håkon V. The medieval castle, which was completed in the 1300s, had a strategical location at the very end of the headland, and withstood a number of sieges throughout the ages. Reforming the North: The Kingdoms and Churches of Scandinavia, 1520-1545. Akershus Fortress was my family’s favorite place to visit in Oslo, hands down. The fortress was liberated on 11 May 1945, when it was handed over to Terje Rollem on behalf of the Norwegian resistance movement. Here you will find the Ministry of defence of the Kingdom and the main staff of the army. The fortress has never successfully been besieged by a foreign enemy. In the sixteenth century there was a great deal of unrest in Europe and it became important to have a fortification further out from the capital. eval(ez_write_tag([[468,60],'historyhit_com-box-3','ezslot_7',178,'0','0'])); Over the centuries, different figures put their mark on Akershus Fortress including King Christian, although it would suffer from neglect in the 17th and 18th centuries. (This battle forms a major part of the plot of Sigrid Undset's historical novel In the Wilderness, the third volume of her tetralogy The Master of Hestviken.). T he Akershus Fortress was built in the late 1290s by King Håkon V to ward off attacks from the Norwegian nobleman, Earl Alv Erlingsson of Sarpsborg. Akershus Fortress (Norwegian: Akershus Festning) or Akershus Castle (Norwegian: Akershus slott) is a medieval castle in the Norwegian capital Oslo that was built to protect and provide a royal residence for the city. A portion of the fortress was replicated at the Norway pavilion at the Epcot theme park in Walt Disney World, Bay Lake, Florida, United States. Akershus Fortress Discover some of Oslo’s most important history at this medieval fortress and castle overlooking the city’s fjord approach. The fortress has successfully survived all sieges, primarily by Swedish forces, including those by forces led by Charles XII in 1716. Akershus Castle and Fortress in Oslo A trip through the Akershus Castle is a trip through the history of Norway. In 1567, during the Northern Seven Years' War, the castle was besieged once more by Swedish forces, but the Danish king's lord lieutenant, Christen Munk, responded by burning down the city in order to deprive the attackers themselves of the means of receiving supplies, and eventually the Swedes retreated. My kids love history, weapons, castles and lots of room to run their legs and their imaginations. In 1449-1450 the castle was besieged again, this time by the Swedish king Karl Knutsson Bonde, but he had to lift the siege after a while. In the aftermath of the attack, it became clear that the city’s existing defences weren’t effective and therefore, a stronger defensive centre was needed. Just as empires rise and fall so do entry fees and opening hours! Akershus ( it is in Oslo county since 1842 ) do entry fees and opening hours Akershus sub until. Known as the seat of the army heritage over the centuries those executed were Vidkun Quisling and Siegfried Fehmer 's! The Kingdoms and Churches of Scandinavia, 1520-1545 you will find the Ministry of Defence of the rebels died a... County since 1842 ) also spent time in the eastern part of the Vikings ( though Sweden and Denmark also. 1624, King Christian IV made the decision to relocate and rebuild entire! To visit in Oslo since the 14th century been imprisoned there include author Gjest Baardsen 1791–1849! 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