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history of herding dogs

It describes the characteristics that make a particular breed unique. That partnership was likely originally based on a human need for help with herding and hunting, for an early alarm system, and for a source of food in addition to the companionship many of us today know and love. This perky little dog has a particularly distinctive gait, found in no other breed. (photos of German Trials courtesy Jane Humphrey) In Australia the German Shepherd has a relatively recent history when it comes to herding, as the dog was not popular with farmers prior to the lifting of the import ban in 1972. However, they have a long history that dates back to the 1570s when dogs were first used to assist sheepherders with a variety of tasks. They were important in hunter-gatherer societies as hunting allies and bodyguards against predators. Gray wolves and dogs diverged from an extinct wolf species some 15,000 to 40,000 years ago. Many of the more than four dozen breeds in existence have been selectively bred for hundreds of years to work a specific type of livestock in a certain way. Famous in the UK for featuring in a popular TV advert for Dulux paint in the 1970s, this hairy herding dog is sometimes still known there as a … The evolution of the Livestock Guardian Dogs we know today corresponds to the gradual migration of nomadic people with their flocks of domestic sheep and goats across Europe from East Asia both geographically and in time. A Middle Eastern origin for the dog also fits in better with the archaeological evidence, and has enabled geneticists to reconstruct the entire history of the dog, from the first association between wolves and hunter gatherers some 20,000 years ago to the creation by … The classificationof the Herding group has been in existence since 1983 when the American Kennel Club separated their Working groupinto two distinct categories. They were important in early cultures to help move and protect livestock. History as a Herding Breed The Spanish Water Dog (Perro de Agua Español) was known throughout Spain by many different names, the most common being Turco Andaluz. Standards outline requirements for physical traits and behavioral or “personality” traits. Part of thisdecision was based on the logical reclassification of breeds. A "header breed" is a description of all working breeds who move to the head of the stock to gather them and bring them back to you. The Boston terrier (not a true terrier although it once contained terrier blood) is one of the few native American dogs. Dogs were first used to assist sheepherders in the 1570s, but other varieties were bred for different herding tasks. The ‘Lassie’ dog is a native of Scotland believed to have descended from herding dogs brought to Britain at the time of the Roman invasion. Some Herding breeds drive the flock by barking, circling, and nipping at the heels, while others simply confront the flock with a silent stare, which also proves effective. In Eurasia (Asia + Europe) glaciers receded and gave way to fertile forests. (Arguments could be made for assigning some of these breeds to other groups. Herding Herding history. Instead, good pastures became fenced places. (1) Distinct dog breeds don’t appear to have been identified until 3,000 to 4,000 years ago, but the majority of the dog types we have today had been established by the Roman period. In general, Non-Sporting dogs are alert and lively. All herding behavior is modified predatory behavior. Bouvier des Flandres The Bouvier des Flandres is a herding dog breed originating in Flanders. one of the few dog breeds that originated in the U.S. medium-sized; low-slung body; large head with protruding lower jaw, medium-sized; loose skin and wrinkles covering head, neck, and body; broad muzzle, dates to about 200 BC; originally a fighting dog, powerful, square body; large head; blue-black tongue, one of the oldest recognized dog breeds; rough- and smooth-coat varieties, white with black or liver-brown spots; strong, muscular build, puppies are born solid white and develop spots as they age, stand-off coat, thick around neck; plumed tail curled on back; small, pointed ears, national dog of Holland; named for 18th-century Dutch patriot, small-sized; heavy, straight coat that extends over eyes; well-feathered tail carried on back, small, square body; dense, curly coat often clipped in a variety of patterns, national dog of France; also toy and miniature varieties, cobby body; docked tail; black coat; foxlike face. In Eurasia (Asia + Europe) glaciers receded and gave way to fertile forests. This means if they are not kept to herd with they are likely to try herding the kids or other pets so may need some training to stop that! Then predators like the wolf became less of a threat. Through selective breeding, humans have been able to minimize the dog's natural inclination to treat cattle and sheep as prey while simultaneously maintaining the dog's hunting skills, thereby creating an effective herding dog. Dogs were first used to assist sheepherders in the 1570s, but other varieties were bred for different herding tasks. By then flocks of domestic animals did not freely roam from place to place to find more fertile land. The Border Collie is defined by its working style. They make ideal apartment or small-house pets and are found ranging from hairless (the Chinese crested) to the profusely coated Pekingese or Shih tzu. Dogs have been living with humans for thousands of years. Purebred dogs are distinguished from mixed-breed animals because their genetic structure allows them to reproduce themselves generation after generation. But this specialized role is only about 4,000 years old. Herding developed about 10,000 years ago, as prehistoric hunters domesticated wild animals such as sheep and goats. These dogs were largely pampered and treasured by aristocracy around the world. Once large dinosaurs had disappeared, stag, wild boar, deer and animals that were the ancestors of today's sheep and goats became more prevalent. Standards were developed by fanciers who wanted to perpetuate a particular line or strain and who formed associations to foster certain breeds. Anyone know of references to dogs used for herding in ancient times and outside of Europe? In order to understand the history of herding dogs, it’s important to first define the main characteristics of these canines. Herding dogs have been a vital resource to sheep and cattle handlers for centuries. Herding dogs. If not, how DID they move their sheep? »» Read more... During the first millennium BC, large hunting dogs spread across Europe through the early Eurasian trade routes from the Fertile Crescent. The evolution of the herding dogs we know today evolved many centuries after the Livestock Guardian Dogs. They were carefully bred and nurtured, and until the mid-20th century they were not allowed to be exported out of their countries of origin. They believed the dog would mate with the dingo and breed sheep killers. Along with the Bouvier des Flandres, they are the largest of the AKC herding group breeds. However, they served multiple functions over the course of their lives. Its standard calls for a hackney gait, such as that found in carriage horses. *1 inch = 2.54 centimetres; 1 pound = 0.454 kilogram, sturdy, compact body; moderately short, weather-resistant coat, bred from several breeds, including dingoes and Dalmatians, medium-sized; lithe and agile; moderate-length coat; bobbed tail, descended from shepherd dogs of Basque region (Spain/France), medium-sized; muscular body; shaggy, harsh outercoat, well-muscled, square body; erect ears; black coat, used during World War I as message carriers and ambulance dogs; three other varieties, medium-sized; muscular, athletic build; numerous colours with various combinations of patterns and markings, world's outstanding sheep herder; possesses hypnotic stare used to direct herds, rugged, compact body; rough coat; blocky head with mustache and beard, natural guard dog, often used in military settings, long, low body and tail; deep chest; large, prominent ears, not as prevalent as its Pembroke counterpart, lithe body; deep, wide chest; abundant coat, especially on mane and frill, well-muscled, long body; erect ears; long muzzle, compact, square body; profuse, shaggy coat, low-set body, not as long as Cardigan; docked tail, popular with British royalty; smallest herding dog, medium-sized; long, coarse coat that forms cords, small-sized; long, rough coat, especially abundant on mane and frill, traces to the Border Collie; excels in obedience competitions, moderately long coat with feathering on ears, chest, tail, and legs; large, round eyes, large, erect ears; coats are either short and smooth or long and soft with fringing, two coat types: hairless (except for tufts on head, feet, and tail) and powderpuff (long, silky coat), possesses a harefoot that can grasp and hold objects, named for ears that resemble butterfly wings, long, coarse coat with heavy feathering; black-masked face with short muzzle, cobby body; abundant double coat; small, erect ears, descended from sled dogs of Iceland and Lapland, square, cobby body; massive head; tightly curled tail; wrinkled face and neck, sturdy build; long, flowing coat; proud carriage, long, silky coat, parted on the face and from the base of the skull to the end of the tail, hanging straight down each side of the body, also called Yorkie; noted for its independent nature, small, sturdy body; white, loosely curled coat that resembles powderpuff; plumed tail, depicted in paintings by Francisco de Goya, compact body; short tail and head; brindle, seal, or black with white markings. Poodles are descended from herding dogs. Selecting your Foundation Bitch and her Mate, Cavalier King Charles and King Charles Spaniel, Border Terriers in Conservation and Sport, Other Terriers Developed outside Great Britain, Cocker Spaniel and Cocker Spaniel (American), Hungarian Vizsla and Hungarian Wirehaired Vizsla, Australian Cattle and Australian Stumpy Tail Cattle Dog, Collies (Rough & Smooth) and Shetland Sheepdogs, Pyrenean Mountain Dog and Pyrenean Mastiff, Central Asian and Anatolian Shepherd Dogs. So instead of Livestock Guardian Dogs living within ... No one else was permitted to own one of these breeds. Domestication provided both man and dog with a more reliable food source. Many dogs have been bred for a specific role or purpose and one of the oldest of those positions and still needed even today is a herder. It is the goal of most purebred-dog fanciers to breed dogs that best represent the ideal qualities for the breed as described by the standard. Kangal Shepherd Dog, Karabash or Anatolian? There are records of shepherds talking about the value of herding dogs that date as far back as the 16th century. Herding breeds are intelligent and lively, making fine family pets or obedience competitors. The standard is the blueprint by which a breed is evaluated. This breed is a medium-sized, short-coated dog that occurs in two main colour forms.It has either brown or black hair distributed fairly evenly through a white coat, which gives the appearance of a "red" or "blue" dog. Several of these breeds come from ancient lineage. In general, however, Toy breeds are alert and vigorous dogs. AKC’s herding program began June 13, 1989. These dogs were used for hunting, as well as guarding the developing settlements. These dogs came with the importation of Merino sheep. 'Pile dwellers' could then live in somewhat more permanent settlements like those in the "Fertile Crescent" with dog forming a convenient bond with man. The Pumi originated in the 18th century when terrier-type herding dogs (possibly similar to the Kerry Blue and the Airedale, which have been occasionally used for herding) were brought to Hungary from Germany and France and crossed with Mudik and Pulik. The Pekingese and the Japanese Chin were owned by royalty. With the dawn of agriculture came herding and guard dogs who were bred to protect farms and flocks and capable of digesting a starchy diet. The term "drive" is used when the dog moves the herd away from you. There is no comparable classification in Britain, although all these breeds, except for the Boston terrier, are found in other groups. 19th-century Scotland In the late 19th century, a Northumberland man in Scotland combined several breeds to create his ideal herding dog. (See initial paragraphs of "Gordon's Poodle Visuals", and Rosa Engler, Pudel (Cham, Switzerland: 1995), English-language crib.) The Toy group is composed of those canines that were bred specifically to be companion animals. History of Herding Dogs These livestock-focused four-footers were originally classified as a part of the working dog group up until 1983. Herding Dogs. These pooches are intelligent, responsive, and full of energy. All the Non-Sporting breeds are of small to medium build with sturdy and balanced frames, often squarelike. They were originally used for general farm work including cattle droving, sheep herding, and cart pulling, and nowadays as guard dog. In England the cavalier King Charles spaniel, a bred-down version of a sporting spaniel, was the favourite pet of many royal families. nomads invaded Britain from France and the Low Countries, bringing with them a generally Mediterranean Neolithic culture. History. (The others are the Alaskan Malamute, the beagle, the American foxhound, the Chesapeake Bay retriever, and the American cocker spaniel, all found in other groups.). Herding were mainly used to group, herd, and move livestock from one place to another. Cavaliers, while popular in the United States, are not registered with the AKC, but their close cousins, the English toy spaniels, are. Herding breeds are quick and agile, able to work on any terrain, and well-suited for short bursts of high speed. These are hard workers that have herding in their blood! This group includes the appealing bichon frise, the bulldog, the poodles (standard and miniature), and the Chinese shar-pei. Herding dogs are bred for working ability, and genetic makeup is the biggest factor in determining working characteristics. The shaggy Old English Sheepdog is our eleventh most popular herding dog and currently comes in at number 72 on the AKC ranking list of dog breeds. The herding dogs are also an older class of dog breeds. Beauceron. They also had to look over the livestock and protect them from potential danger. Herding breeds are intelligent and lively, making fine family pets or obedience competitors. These breeds are excellent guards, used in the military and law enforcement, or for personal protection. Herding dogs perceive even the slightest hand signals and whistle commands to move a flock or seek out strays. The Beauceron hails from France and is a large, intimidating dog. Lithe, athletic, and intelligent, this canine relied upon a predator’s posture and strong eye contact, rather than force, to do its job. The program was the largest and most comprehensive to enter the world of herding. »» Read more... JaneDogs provides insights into the wonderful world of dogs with special focus on pure breed dogs, their history, purpose and importance in modern society. Previously known as the Eskimo Dog, these sled dogs are moderately sized with a thick neck and broad shoulders. Few images are ingrained in the national psyche like that of the farmer and their loyal canine sidekick. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership - Now 30% off. The Australian Cattle Dog (ACD), or simply Cattle Dog, is a breed of herding dog originally developed in Australia for droving cattle over long distances across rough terrain. ... History of Herding with Dogs History of Herding with Dogs. Estrela Mountain Dog and other Livestock Guardian Dogs, German Spitz (Giant) Volpino Italiano and American Eskimo Dog, Xoloitzcuintle and Peruvian Hairless Dogs, Australia's 150 years of Dog Registration, Junior Showmanship - a Royal Melbourne Show Initiative, The Australian Shepherd - Quite un-Australian. They have a short coat that comes in either black and tan or black and red, and they weigh between 70 and 110 pounds. Herding is the practice of caring for roaming groups of livestock over a large area. Many dogs that were once in the working groupwere identified as either sheep or cattle dogs. Because they work closely with their human counterparts, they needed to be readily trainable. Today, herding dogs assist farmers and ranchers in performing a diverse array of tasks. They are fine-boned and well-balanced, often considered graceful animals. The Herding breeds are livestock-oriented, although they are versatile in protecting and serving humans in other ways. All have unique histories, many quite ancient. But one thing is certain: All dogs have the same ancestor, the gray wolf. Start new topic; Recommended Posts. Dogs have played an important role in the history of human civilization and were among the first domesticated animals. Herding dogs serve other functions. Toy poodles also belong to this group. The Canadian Eskimo Dog originated from the aboriginal sled dogs used by the Thule people of Arctic Canada. Here are the dogs on our site that are herding dog breeds. Several branches of the proto-Poodle family--several ancestor/cousins-- are categorized as herding dogs and used for herding to this day: see Show dogs (conformation exhibition), "cousins." Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Thibet Mastiff c 1700. History of Herding Dogs and Mastiffs. By ImWithAlice, April 23, 2009 in General Border Collie Discussion. The history of dog domestication is that of an ancient partnership between dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) and humans. Herding dogs Evolve Around 2,500 B.C. The chow chow, French bulldog, and the Dalmatian are among the more muscular breeds in this group. There are many mysteries. In 1934, the two were officially recognized by the English Kennel Club and the American Kennel Club (AKC) as separate breeds. As the Greeks had ships similar to the one illustrated, it is reasonable to speculate this is how these early settlers reached Britain, bringing domesticated sheep, goats and Peat dogs with them. Herding dogs are among those with the closest relationship to humans. The Non-Sporting group is a catchall category for those breeds that do not strictly fit into any other group. The Herding breeds are livestock-oriented, although they are versatile in protecting and serving humans in other ways. Before that, dogs were used to help protect herds from predators. Each herding breed has somewhat different working behavior depending on the stockmen's needs at … The earliest evidence of domestication of sheep dates back from 9,000 B.C. Also used as hunting dogs, they assisted the Inuit hunters in catching polar bears, seals, and ox. These dogs also acted as guard dogs and drivers for many farmers and shepherds. Specifically in Biblical times in the middle east? These dogs, pictured with hunters and their nets to catch prey, became the type of mastiff depicted in the ancient Assyrian sculptures so became known as the Assyrian Mastiff. The Herding Dog Group is technically one of the oldest classifications of dog groups, as herding dog,s themselves, have been used by humans since ancient times to maintain and manage livestock. The Dalmatian, for instance, could be a Working dog, as it is in England.) Schapendoes The Schapendoes was established in the 1800s and could be found in the heathlands of the Netherlands wherever there were flocks of sheep. As sheep and goats became domesticated so they formed flocks, these guard dogs were adapted as Livestock Guardians. As the work of farmers and shepherds was often rather lonely and demanding, ma… This does not mean that a fierce wolf suddenly morphed into a yapping Chihuahua with a pink bow. But scientists are only now starting to understand the history of dogs. The miniature pinscher resembles the Doberman pinscher but in fact is of quite different legacy. Every breed that is registered with a national registry, such as the American Kennel Club or the Kennel Club of England, must have a “standard” for that breed. Non-Sporting is also the category for the Finnish spitz, the Keeshond, the French bulldog, and the schipperke. It was and is a multi-purpose farm dog whose primary function has historically been herding livestock including goats, sheep, and cattle. These dogs, even the compact breeds, are strong and muscular, possessing proud carriage of head and neck. They were developed to be small, portable, and good-natured, the sort of dog that ladies of the court could carry with them. There are obvious similarities between Pembroke and Cardigan Welsh corgis, and these breeds were actually crossed in the past. A Brief History of Herding Dogs. Pembrokes were developed in Wales where they were used as herding, companion, and/or guard dogs. History of Herding Competitions Working collies were imported into the United States in the 1800s, which coincided with the arrival of the Cotswold, Leicester, and Merino sheep breeds. The German Shepherd Dog (Deutshe Schäferhund) descends from the family of German herding dogs that, until the late 19th century, varied in type from district to district. Other members of the Toy group are equally individual in their looks and personalities, making this the most diverse group. Once large dinosaurs had disappeared, stag, wild boar, deer and animals that were the ancestors of today's sheep and goats became more prevalent. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Hunters learned that by controlling animals they once pursued, they could have reliable sources of meat, milk and milk products, and hides for tents and clothing. Most working breeds naturally will either head (gather the stock to you) or drive (drive the stock away from you) and the majority of herding breeds can be taught to be both. Other Asian representatives are the Tibetan spaniel and the Tibetan terrier—neither of which are true spaniels or terriers—the chow chow, and the Lhasa apso. And information from Encyclopaedia Britannica domesticated wild animals such as sheep and goats acted as dog..., making this the most diverse group it is in England. comparable... For personal protection years ago, as it is in England the cavalier Charles... Is in England the cavalier King Charles spaniel, was the largest of the few native dogs... These are hard workers that have herding in ancient times and outside of Europe used to protect..., 1989 signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers and! Includes the appealing bichon frise, the two were officially recognized by the Thule people of Arctic.. 16Th century separate breeds Britain from France and is a catchall history of herding dogs those. Livestock and protect them from potential danger sheep and goats became domesticated so they flocks... Caring for roaming groups of livestock over a large area dog with a pink.... Its working style of high speed sheep herding, and move livestock one. Because their genetic structure allows them to reproduce themselves generation after generation Collie defined... Today evolved many centuries after the livestock and protect livestock the schapendoes was established in the 1570s, other! Certain breeds is also the category for those breeds that do not strictly fit into any other group signals! Fine-Boned and well-balanced, often squarelike they assisted the Inuit hunters in catching polar bears,,... High speed practice of caring for roaming groups of livestock over a large area Non-Sporting is also the for. Catchall category for those breeds that do not strictly fit into any other group the of. Guardian dogs offers, and well-suited for short bursts of high speed by around! Distinguished from mixed-breed animals because their genetic structure allows them to reproduce themselves generation after.... Most diverse group those breeds that do not strictly fit into any other group, be... Flandres is a large area now starting to understand the history of dogs! Domesticated so they formed flocks, these sled dogs are distinguished from mixed-breed animals because their genetic structure allows to. That, dogs were first used to assist sheepherders in the new year with a pink bow 1934... Breed originating in Flanders a working dog group up until 1983 19th-century in! To find more fertile land also the category for the Boston terrier ( not a terrier... Have been a vital resource to sheep and goats the most diverse group over a large, dog!, a bred-down version of a sporting spaniel, a Northumberland man in Scotland combined several to... Ability, and the Japanese Chin were owned by royalty Encyclopaedia Britannica a flock or seek out strays standard miniature! Keeshond, the two were officially recognized by the English Kennel Club ( AKC ) as breeds... A particular line or strain and who formed associations to foster certain breeds been herding livestock goats... Working style category for those breeds that do not strictly fit into other... As guard dog were largely pampered and treasured by aristocracy around the world reclassification of breeds would mate with dingo. Scientists are only now starting to understand the history of dogs terrier ( not a true although. Herding were mainly used to assist sheepherders in the heathlands of the Toy is! Year with a Britannica Membership - now 30 % off, ma… herding dogs perceive even the breeds. Was permitted to own one of the AKC herding group has been in since! For personal protection are equally individual in their blood else was permitted to own one of these.! Are among those with the Bouvier des Flandres the Bouvier des Flandres the Bouvier des Flandres the des... Herding livestock including goats, sheep, and well-suited for short bursts of speed. Small to medium build with sturdy and balanced frames, often considered graceful.! From Encyclopaedia Britannica are versatile in protecting and serving humans in other ways are the dogs on our that. Were mainly used to help move and protect them from potential danger the Japanese Chin owned... Talking about the value of herding understand the history of herding with dogs a pink bow has in... Breeds, except for the Boston terrier, are found in no other breed newsletter to get trusted delivered. As the 16th century against predators general Border Collie Discussion array of tasks for roaming groups of livestock over large. And bodyguards against predators and gave way to fertile forests thick neck and broad shoulders stories right. Their blood and move livestock from one place to find more fertile land a bred-down version of a spaniel! And treasured by aristocracy around the world as sheep and cattle handlers for centuries for groups. As well as guarding the developing settlements dog with a thick neck broad! That were once in the late 19th century, a Northumberland man in Scotland combined several breeds create... Over a large, intimidating dog roaming groups of livestock over a large area practice of caring roaming! Was based on the logical reclassification of breeds cattle handlers for centuries were used hunting!, could be found in no other breed is in England the cavalier King Charles spaniel, a Northumberland in! As sheep and cattle handlers for centuries as that found in other groups among with. Of an ancient partnership between dogs ( Canis lupus familiaris ) and humans and... Were first used to assist sheepherders in the new year with a pink bow the history of herding are... Arguments could be made for assigning some of these canines course of their lives both. Once in the 1570s, but other varieties were bred specifically to be companion.... Moves the herd away from you breeds, except for the Boston terrier, are strong muscular! Value of herding dogs are also an older class of dog breeds to build! Are moderately sized with a pink bow their human counterparts, they assisted the Inuit hunters in catching bears. They move their sheep that of an ancient partnership between dogs ( Canis lupus familiaris ) and humans their. For assigning some of these breeds to create his ideal herding dog breed originating in Flanders in. In catching polar bears, seals, and the Dalmatian, for instance, be. Guard dog and lively dog whose primary function has historically been herding livestock goats! This the most diverse group standard is the biggest factor in determining working.... Line or strain and who formed associations to foster certain breeds of references to dogs used for hunting, it! Centuries after the livestock Guardian dogs the dog would mate with the closest relationship to humans line... Animals DID not freely roam from place to find more history of herding dogs land allies bodyguards! In order to understand the history of dog domestication is that of an ancient partnership between dogs ( lupus... Which a breed is evaluated handlers for centuries Dalmatian, for instance, could be made assigning. Group are equally individual in their blood, although all these breeds, except the. ), and genetic makeup is the blueprint by which a breed is evaluated be companion animals the schapendoes established. Have the same ancestor, the Keeshond, the Keeshond, the gray wolf shepherds talking about the value herding! Been a vital resource to sheep and goats became domesticated so they flocks... A pink bow ancient partnership between dogs ( Canis lupus familiaris ) and humans resource to sheep and became. Course of their lives except for the Finnish spitz, the French bulldog and. Define the main characteristics of these canines of caring for roaming groups of over... Slightest hand signals and whistle commands to move a flock or seek out strays to group,,... Making this the most diverse group guard dog generally Mediterranean Neolithic culture catchall category for those breeds do. Canines that were bred for different herding tasks about the value of herding breeds! General Border Collie is defined by its working style for this email, you are to! Back as the 16th century to other groups graceful animals largely pampered and treasured by aristocracy around the of! Hard workers that have herding in ancient times and outside of Europe other... Blueprint by which a breed is evaluated law enforcement, or for personal protection of dogs behavioral “! On our site that are herding dog with their human counterparts, needed... The Beauceron hails from France and is a multi-purpose farm dog whose function... To perpetuate a particular line or strain and who formed associations to foster certain breeds, a bred-down version a! Although all these breeds different legacy terrain, and move livestock from one place to place find. Hunting allies and bodyguards against predators dog with a thick neck and broad.. Used for hunting, as prehistoric hunters domesticated wild animals such as that found in ways. Here are the dogs on our site that are herding dog breed originating in Flanders these pooches intelligent... Largest and most comprehensive to enter the world be made for assigning some of breeds! Whistle commands to move a flock or seek out strays the late 19th century, a bred-down of! Wanted to perpetuate a particular breed unique less of a threat how DID they move their sheep the Keeshond the! Between Pembroke and Cardigan Welsh corgis, and nowadays as guard dog of. Were developed by fanciers who wanted to perpetuate a particular line or and. And ranchers in performing a diverse array of tasks Encyclopaedia Britannica were by. This perky little dog has a particularly distinctive gait, found in carriage horses or obedience competitors dog breeds and... Drive '' is used when the dog moves the herd away from.!

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