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A rubber tree plant is also known as a Ficus elastica. Even its handsome, glossy leaves have a thick, rubber-like look. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). As they are often tapped for latex, the Rubber Trees that are grown in plantations only grow up to 25 meters. Hevea brasilienis is the botanical name of the rubber tree. A rubber tree, also referred to as rubberwood, can be tapped for latex once it reaches approximately six years of age. Click for price. Facts | Nature | 14 Remarkable Facts about Rubber Trees Rubber Tree, Rubber Tree Where do you live? Cultivated on plantations in the tropics and subtropics, especially in Southeast Asia and western Africa, it replaced the rubber plant in the early 20th century as the chief source of natural rubber. The rubber tree has a silvery type of bark and a rough top layer of bark. With its glossy, leathery leaves and upright form, it’s a striking addition to almost any room in your house. When the tree is planted in its original location, it can grow for more than 100 ft. Hevea brasiliensis is the tree that most rubber comes from. It consists of many trunks and of a spherical or hemispherical shape canopy, which is symmetrical with an irregular outline. Tapping rubber is a highly skilled operation; the vessels need to be tapped without damaging them. The Rubber Plant, Ficus elastica or Ficus robusta, is a hardy accommodating low maintenance houseplant, it also goes by Rubber Tree or Rubber Fig. Distinct from the sap, latex serves as a protective agent, seeping out of and sealing over wounds in the tree’s bark. Its latex extracted from the tree’s trunk is a major source of natural rubber, which is the primary material in tires. The places the rubber tree grows in is Brazil, Venezuela, Ecuador, Colombia, Peru, and Bolivia. Find us on Facebook The opulence of the rubber barons could only be exceeded by their brutality. Will they survive after being out in freezing temperatures? Asia now produces most of the world’s natural rubber. It has cylindrical shape. Rubber Plant is an evergreen tree of fast and large growth when it is in the natural state, having a height that often exceeds 25 m (82 ft).When grown, the annual growth rate is moderate and does not exceed a height of 15 m (50 ft). rubber tree Any of several South American trees whose exudations can be made into rubber; especially Hevea brasiliensis (family Euphorbiaceae), a tall softwood tree native to Brazil but introduced to Malaysia.The milky exudate, called latex, is obtained from the inner bark by tapping and then coagulated by smoking over fires or chemically. It has a brown color. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Latex being tapped from trees on a rubber plantation near Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Europeans brought rubber trees to other tropical regions, including Southeast Asia, South Asia, and West Africa. Although rubber trees produce latex as long as they live, the amount of production. Although the rubber tree is native to South America, only 2.4 percent of the global natural rubber production took place in all of North, Central, and South America as of 2018. Hevea brasiliensis, the Para rubber tree, often simply called rubber tree, is a tree belonging to the family Euphorbiaceae and the most economically important member of the genus Hevea. Write for us | They have moulded grooves that stop the bark from being damaged and they expand around the tree as it grows. In its native jungle habitat in India and Malaysia, the plant can grow up to 100 feet tall. In the wild, the rubber tree will grow to heights of 100 to 130 feet, and can live up to 100 years. The trunk is characterized with swollen look. In order to collect the latex milk from tree, an incision is made in the bark of the rubber tree – which is called ‘tapping’. If you’re new to plant parenting, a rubber tree is the plant for you! This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/plant/rubber-tree, rubber tree - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), rubber tree - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Although the rubber trees are most suited for hot and wet climates in the tropical rainforest, they can also survive in extremely dry conditions. Our information will help you to understand how to care for a Rubber Plant correctly. Click on the following article and get your rubber tree branching this year. The rubber tree plant (Ficus elastica) can sometimes be temperamental, growing upward and refusing to grow side branches. Rubber plant is a large, evergreen tree that grows about 30–40 meters (98–131 ft.) (rarely up to 60 meters or 200 feet) tall, with a stout trunk up to 2 meters (6.6 ft.) in diameter. UV stabilised and weatherproof. A Para rubber tree(or simply, rubber tree) is the tree which naturally produces rubber. It is native to tropicalareas from South America, in the Amazon(Brazil), but was spread by European farmers to the Far East. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Ficus elastica (more commonly known as a rubber plant, rubber tree or rubber tree plant) is a popular houseplant because of its waxy leaves and larger-than-life appearance. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. When the inner bark is damaged, it will produce latex. The leaves of the rubber tree are typically spiral-shaped. The white or yellow latex occurs in latex vessels in the bark, mostly outside the phloem. Harvesting latex from these trees does not cause harm to them. With skill, a single rubber tree can be tapped for 20 to 25 years. Use our interactive map to navigate our fascinating planet and discover many interesting and fun facts for every country…, © 2020 Planet Numbers Ltd.   Para Rubber trees belong to the Euphorbiaceae family. Chloroprene rubber, or CR, is a very familiar type of rubber that … Also known as the rubber fig tree or the rubberwood tree, the rubber tree plant can grow to over 100 feet tall in the wild. Natural rubber is produced by coagulating/drying latex extracted from para rubber trees for five to 25 years after their plantation. Other plants that have the special sap (called latex) are figs (Ficus elastica), Castilla (Panama rubber tree), euphorbias, lettuce, the common dandelion, Taraxacum kok-saghyz (Russian dandelion), Scorzonera tau-saghyz, and Guayule.. Hevea brasiliensis is the tree that most rubber comes from. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership - Now 30% off. In the wild, the tree can reach a height of up to 140 feet (43 m). About 70 per cent of natural latex is used for tires. Wild Hevea trees, like all primary rainforest trees, are widely dispersed, an adaptation that protects species from the South American leaf blight which easily spreads through and decimates plantations. The tree has a cylindrical truck which is typically swollen towards the base. The leaves of these rubber trees are typically cream to yellow in. Rubber Tree Plant Care Sun. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Can you guess the bark color of a rubber tree? Rubber tree ties that are designed to prevent bark damage. Site Map. This is important because the bark helps make the latex. Thanks for reading about the rubber tree. The latex can only be tapped from rubber trees after six years of growth. But indoors, a rubber tree typically tops out at 6 to 10 feet tall. The para rubber tree is originated in Brazil. latex straight from the tree Rubber is rubbery material made from latex, a milky liquid that drips out of a rainforest tree like the sap used to make maple syrup. Natural rubber is produced by the rubber tree (Hevea brasiliensis). Seeds are source of Para Rubber seed oil, recommended for manufacture of soap. Latex can also be concentrated for producing dipped goods, such as surgical gloves. Rubber trees originally grew in the Amazon Basin in South America. Your email address will not be published. 14 Remarkable Facts about Rubber Trees Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Rubber is obtained by tapping the trunks of the trees. Today, some rubber is sourced from designated areas of rainforest rather than plantations. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Hi, and welcome to habitat. It is of major economic importance because its sap-like extract (known as latex) can be collected and is the primary source of natural rubber. Rubber tree, (Hevea brasiliensis), South American tropical tree of the spurge family (Euphorbiaceae). Depending on the use, following the tapping stage the latex milk is processed in different ways. The flowers are small and consist of no petals. Because of its elasticity, resilience, and toughness, rubber is the basic constituent of the tires used in automotive vehicles, aircraft, and bicycles. Its most famous feature is the milky white sap, known as latex, which flows freely from the tree when a sliver of bark is removed. The rubber tree isn’t the only plant with rubbery sap, but it is the only one that produces more latex each time it is cut. As a domesticated houseplant, rubber plants grow anywhere between six to ten feet tall. The milky liquid (latex) that oozes from any wound to the tree bark contains about 30 percent rubber, which can be coagulated and processed into solid products, such as tires. Facts about Rubber Tree 2: the characteristics of the trunk. Rubber comes from a tree called the Hevea brasiliensis which originated in South America. A host of distinctively colored rubber tree cultivars add interest to the otherwise plain … Your email address will not be published. Updates? Rubber tree, (Hevea brasiliensis), South American tropical tree of the spurge family (Euphorbiaceae). Many people put their rubber trees near a window where the light is filtered through a pair of sheer curtains. As its name suggests, the rubber tree Hevea brasiliensis originally came from Brazil, from where it was introduced to such countries of the Far East as Malaysia, Indonesia, Burma, Cambodia, China, and Vietnam. When learning how to care for a rubber tree plant, there are a few key things to remember, but rubber plant care isn’t as difficult as one might think. The botanical name of the rubber tree is Hevea brasilienis. In its native habitat in southern parts of Asia, this plant can grow as tall as 60 metres, with its trunk getting as thick as two metres in diameter. Follow us on Twitter. Here are 14 other interesting facts about rubber trees! A cut is made (typically thin) on the trunk of the tree and the silver bark is then removed. Cultivars. It belongs to the genus Euphorbiaceae. The rubber tree can only thrive in hot, damp regions near the equator, so 90% of true rubber production today occurs in these areas. Required fields are marked *. In the 1800s, most sap to make rubber came from South America. Rubber plants can grow up to 100 feet in their native homeland of Southeast Asia. If the plant gets less light while leaves are growing, the … Rubber trees grow best in hot, humid climates with deep, well-drained soil. They are super soft, lightweight, strong and long lasting – they can have a life span of over a decade. Omissions? Rubber, elastic substance obtained from the exudations of certain tropical plants (natural rubber) or derived from petroleum and natural gas (synthetic rubber). Hevea brasilienis is the botanical name of the rubber. Although poisonous, seeds can be eaten as a famine food after processing. Corrections? Within the rubber tree, latex is found. Rubber trees do not require much light, but flourish in bright, indirect light. Chloroprene Rubber. That being said, in order to introduce you to the wondrous world that is rubber, here is a short yet informative list on some facts about rubber. Yellow Rubber Tree Leaves – Reasons For Yellowing Leaves On A Rubber Plant Cultivated on plantations in the tropics and subtropics, especially in Southeast Asia and western Africa , it replaced the rubber plant in the early 20th … Let us find out other important facts about rubber tree: Facts about Rubber Tree 1: the bark color. Other plants that have the special sap (called latex) are figs (Ficus elastica), Castilla (Panama rubber tree), euphorbias, lettuce, the common dandelion, Taraxacum kok-saghyz (Russian dandelion), Scorzonera tau-saghyz, and Guayule. Cured rubber is used for all types of rubber products. Producers. It is a tropical tree that grows to a height of 30 meters – 40 meters and has a leafy crown. Privacy Policy | Super soft tree ties pad out the space between the tree and the support. It has soft wood; high, branching limbs; and a large area of bark. Due to their large and powerful roots, rubber trees do not typically do well in close proximity to homes and sidewalks. Sudden temperature drops can cause the leaves to drop. These vessels spiral up the tree in a right-handed helix which forms an angle of about 30 degrees with the horizontal, and can grow as high as 45 ft. The rubber plant gets its name from the white latex coursing through its veins, which was once used to make rubber. There are a few reasons why your rubber tree won’t branch. It has a cylindrical trunk that is swollen towards the base. These large trees can grow up to 50 feet (15 m.) tall. Leaves are growing, the tree that most rubber comes from ’ s natural rubber is produced the... Has soft wood ; high, branching limbs ; and a large area of bark a! It grows tree of the rubber tree is Hevea brasilienis is the botanical of! From rubber trees do not typically do well in close proximity to homes and sidewalks it can for... Bark color of a spherical or hemispherical shape canopy, which is the botanical of... 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