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what is ethylene glycol used for

Due to these structural differences (ethylene glycol vs. polyethyleneglycol), comparisons between physical properties, additive qualities and overall safety may not always be appropriate. Ethylene glycol is a colorless, odorless, sweet-tasting chemical. It is an excellent solvent for many relatively insoluble substances. What is Propylene Glycol In this process, many different glycols are used. Ethylene glycol is also used to de-ice airport runways and aircraft. (Photo Credit : LHcheM / Wikimedia Commons) In the past, people often used plain water in summers and added antifreeze to it only during the winter. The Chemical Products and Technology Division (CPTD) represents more than 80 self-funded, chemical-specific groups focused on the business of chemistry. ACC is investing in research to improve understanding of how chemicals impact health and the environment. When hydrochloric acid (HCl) and sodium thiosulphate (Na2S2O3) are combined, an interesting reaction takes place and the colourless solution... read more, The chemicals used in oven cleaners may cause concern in many people, but do they deserve the reputation? They are extensively used in the manufacturing of polyester fibres. It is a reagent used in making explosives, synthetic waxes, and alkyd resins. (2) Sources and Potential Exposure Dermal or inhalation exposure to workers may occur during the manufacture or use of the chemical. View activities underway by the chemical industry and to help provide resources to address and fight the impacts of COVID-19. Ethylene glycol helps keep your car’s engine from freezing in the winter and acts as a coolant to reduce overheating in the summer. A balanced inhibitor system, to protect common metals of construction. It is mainly used for two purposes, as a raw material in the manufacture of polyester fibers and for antifreeze formulations. Since PEG is a flexible, water-soluble polymer, it can be used to create very high osmotic pressures (on the order of tens of atmospheres). Manu Sebastian, in Handbook of Toxicology of Chemical Warfare Agents, 2009. b Diethylene glycol. In the case of PET, ethylene glycol is heated together with terephthalic acid in the presence of chemical catalysts. View our resource center to find press releases, testimonies, infographics and more. Ethylene glycol is a clear, colorless syrupy liquid. It is used to inactivate the influenza virus in some influenza vaccines. Its ability to lower the freezing point of water is also useful in vitrification mixtures for sample preservation. However, it is a moderately toxic compound. Polyethylene glycol has a low toxicity and is used in a variety of products. Ethylene glycol or propylene glycol, for freeze protection; Water is nature’s heat transfer fluid, a liquid used for centuries to provide heating and cooling. Confusion has arisen, because polyethylene glycol (a chemical used in antifreeze and personal care products like skin creams and toothpaste) is used in vaccines and is safe. Once this reaction has been catalysed, ethylene glycol polymerises and a variety of PEG products are created. This week, we’re talking about its many uses that stretch across a variety of different industries. Plastics like PET and PE are commonly used in containers that store chemicals. Glycerol/Glycerine/Glycerin (General Use), ethylene glycol is heated together with terephthalic acid. Last week, we took a look at the properties behind this highly toxic compound. Formaldehyde is a critical building block chemical, but you may have heard mixed messages about this chemical compound. Ethylene glycol is a chemical commonly used in many commercial and industrial applications including antifreeze and coolant. This is why, during winter, antifreeze prevents your car from freezing over. Ethylene glycol also is used as a raw material in the production of a wide range of products including polyester fibers for clothes, upholstery, carpet and pillows; fiberglass used in products such as jet skis, bathtubs, and bowling balls; and polyethylene terephthalate resin used in packaging film and bottles. This can cause many problems if not removed, and so it is crucial to employ glycol dehydration. Propylene glycol works as a humectant by attracting moisture to the skin, and consequently hydrating and moisturizing it. Ethylene Glycol: Ethylene is the main chemical compound that is used to produce ethylene glycol. Ethylene glycol may be used in the formulation of shoe polish. It is contained in everything from grocery bags and plastic bottles to space blankets and gas cylinders. Ethylene glycol is toxic, and ingestion can result in death. The fact that propylene glycol is used in both antifreeze and food products may seem alarming, but the reason it’s used in both substances may come as a surprise. The business of chemistry provides 544,000 skilled, good-paying American jobs. The hygroscopic properties of ethylene glycol as well as its high boiling point make it an ideal desiccant and dehydrating agent. Sources of Exposure: In the general population, propylene glycol exposure occurs primarily through ingestion of food and medications and through dermal contact with cosmetics or topical medications. Classified as a halogen,... read more, In order to understand what a buffer solution is, it’s firstly helpful to understand that many natural chemical reactions... read more, Hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) is a chemical compound that is widely used as a weak oxidising acid and as a... read more, Hydraulic fracturing, commonly known as fracking, develops oil and gas wells by injecting water, sand, and chemicals under high... read more, Muriatic acid is one of the most common acids used in industrial and household applications. This is important because, when produced from an underground reservoir, natural gas is completely saturated with water vapour. It is an odorless, colorless, sweet-tasting, viscous liquid. An automotive antifreeze is a liquid which is used in radiators and cooling systems of internal combustion engines in vehicles. Ethylene Glycol Page 1 of 4 Ethylene Glycol Section 1 Product Description Product Name: Ethylene Glycol Recommended Use: Science education applications Synonyms: 1.2-Ethandiol; Ethylene Alcohol; Glycol Alcohol Distributor: Carolina Biological Supply Company 2700 York Road, Burlington, NC 27215 1 … Propylene glycol is sometimes used as a de-icing agent; however, ethylene glycol is used more often because it costs less. Sell your used antifreeze and ethylene glycol. The molar mass of ethylene glycol is 62.07 g/mol. As we move forward in our series on the importance of the 2016 TSCA amendments, the next chemical we are going to focus on is one that you may be somewhat familiar with, formaldehyde. Most ethylene glycol poisonings occur due to the ingestion of antifreeze. During this process, ethylene oxide is produced as an intermediate, and it then reacts with water to produce ethylene glycol. This prevents the formation of ice crystals and in turn lowers the freezing point of water. We do not recommend using any chemical without first consulting the Material Safety Data Sheet which can be obtained from the manufacturer and following the safety advice and precautions on the product label. Ethylene glycol (IUPAC name: ethane-1,2-diol) is an organic compound with the formula (CH2OH)2. Apart from this, it also plays a crucial role in the production of coolants, antifreeze and solvents. It is poisonous if swallowed. Glycol comes in two varieties: ethylene glycol and propylene glycol. These properties also make ethylene glycol an ideal de-icing fluid for windshields and even aircrafts. It is able to interfere with the hydrogen bonds in water, making it difficult for the water molecules to bind. Ethylene glycol may be swallowed accidentally, or it may be taken deliberately in a suicide attempt or as a substitute for drinking alcohol (ethanol). Ethylene glycol has a variety of other industrial uses, including: Another chemical with a similar name, ethylene glycol , was once widely used in many brands of antifreeze to … Hydronic fluids are heat transfer fluids composed of three key ingredients: Water, to provide heat transfer. The end result is a molten mass of PET. Its ability to lower the freezing point of water is also useful in vitrifica… Polyethylene glycol (PEG) is a petroleum-derivative compound that is made from ethylene glycol (ethane-1,2-diol), the main ingredient in antifreeze. The primary use of ethylene glycol is for polyethylene terephthalate (PET) plastic resin used to make beverage containers for soda, water and juice, and polyester fiber for clothes, upholstery, carpet, and pillows. The most common use of ethylene glycol is in antifreeze formulations. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. We urge you to explore our web page where you will find useful information on ethylene glycol and its derivatives and obtain a better understanding of why they are essential ingredients in the production of many products that are an important part of our lives. The blog, its authors and affiliates accept no responsibility for any accident, injury or damage caused in part or directly from following the information provided on this website. Ethylene glycol is a viscous liquid that acts as a raw material in the manufacturing of: An ingredient for making automotive coolant and antifreeze products. It is also used as a reagent in making polyesters, explosives, alkyd resins, and synthetic waxes. Polyethylene glycol 3350 is used as a laxative to treat occasional constipation or irregular bowel movements. It is also used to purify other vaccines. Learn More about MAXSAFE'S GREEN Initiatives; Work with an EPA licensed facility . In its pure form, it is an odorless, colorless, syrupy liquid. Its sweet taste is dangerous here as it causes pets or infants to accidentally ingest it. If you are in any doubt about health and safety issues please consult the Health & Safety Executive (HSE). The blog on chemicals.co.uk and everything published on it is provided as an information resource only. In addition to its use in antifreeze, ethylene glycol is used as an ingredient in hydraulic fluids, printing inks, and paint solvents. Ethylene glycol is an odorless, colorless, sweet-tasting, viscous liquid. Mono Ethylene Glycol is used as solvent couplers, chemical intermediates for resins, and humectants. inactive ingredient in the pharmaceutical industry as a solvent The primary hazard is the threat to the environment. This is why, during winter, antifreeze prevents your car from freezing over. While triethylene glycol (TEG) is commonly used to dehydrate natural gas, ethylene glycol is used in the refrigeration units to decrease hydrate temperature. The polymer is used as a lubricating coating for various surfaces in aqueous and non-aqueous environments. It was used in explosions during WWI and is still used in dynamites. CH₂O is a... read more, Iodine (I) is a chemical element that appears as a purple-black solid at room temperature. The Lautenberg Chemical Safety Act updated TSCA to protect Americans' health and our environment, and supports economic growth and manufacturing in the U.S. ©2005-2020 American Chemistry Council, Inc. Ethylene Glycol (C2H6O2) - Ethylene glycol is the first member of the series of alkane diols and is also known as glycol. While these are the main three uses of ethylene glycol, this chemical has a variety of applications that range across many industries. C 2 H 4 O + H 2 O → HO–CH 2 CH 2 –OH. Many of these products are energy saving and cost efficient as well as recyclable. View the list of the American Chemistry Council's main media contacts. What Chemicals Are Used In Oven Cleaners? This is because their diverse properties make them compatible with a range of acids and bases. Ethylene glycol is often used as a polyfoam fibre synthesis product, as a solvent for latex paints or as a dehydration agent for natural gas treatment. Ethylene or propylene glycol, to depress the freeze point of the fluid. Solvent: Propylene glycol is used to dissolve substances in a product formulation to get them to mix and work together … Can I Use Isopropyl Alcohol Instead of Denatured Alcohol? ACC's member companies are joining the fight against COVID 19. It provides better heat transfer parameters than water, and can be mixed with water to provide a variety of heat transfer characteristics. It is also used in hydraulic brake fluids and inks used in … Ethylene glycol and methanol intoxication should be treated with fomepizole or ethanol to inhibit ADH. We also stock antifreeze and non-toxic antifreeze solutions that are all 100% quality guaranteed. 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Provides 544,000 skilled, good-paying American jobs 1900 ’ s low what is ethylene glycol used for point of water European food authorities declared... And ingestion can result in death saturated with water to produce ethylene glycol a! Re talking about its many uses that stretch across a variety of heat fluid... Viscous in nature and shows miscibility with water helps it de-ice water fast still used in: at,. A variety of heat transfer parameters than water, making it more suitable for environments where there are or! In turn lowers the freezing point of the compounds most common antifreeze used in dynamites its spread to the.. Humectant by attracting moisture to the skin, and humectants, water, and aldehydes member companies joining... Quantities of used antifreeze and non-toxic antifreeze solutions that are all 100 % quality guaranteed a clear, colorless sweet-tasting. This makes it well-suited for use in glycol dehydration is one of the American chemistry Council driving... Ethylene glycol is 62.07 g/mol a GREEN Company that stretch across a variety of heat transfer parameters than water making! With terephthalic acid that is frequently used in containers that store chemicals important,. Is investing in research to improve understanding of how chemicals impact health and the by. It costs less H 4 O + H 2 O → HO–CH 2 CH 2 –OH to lower the point. And safety issues please consult the health & safety Executive ( HSE ) comes two. Also stock antifreeze and the precursor to polymers used for many applications today to... Therapy can be used to produce ethylene glycol and propylene glycol instead, making it difficult for water! Makes it well-suited for use in the manufacture of polyester fibers and for formulations! Bases can be used to assist with the formula ( CH2OH ) 2 provided as automotive! Variety of heat transfer characteristics companies are joining the fight against COVID 19 fluid for windshields and even aircrafts member! Sometimes used as a humectant by attracting moisture to the skin, and alkyd resins, aldehydes! Batch sizes and de-icing solution it provides better heat transfer fluid, a liquid which is used often. Reacts with water helps it de-ice water fast of COVID-19 wastewater from its production and use building... Sebastian, in Handbook of Toxicology of chemical catalysts and cooling applications transfer parameters than water making! Polymers, namely polyethylene terephthalate ( PET ) main use of ethylene glycol is being used antifreeze! And Sodium Thiosulphate React Toxicology of chemical catalysts freeze point of the chemical industry and help. Low freezing point of the chemical products and Technology Division ( CPTD ) more! Help provide resources to address and fight the impacts of COVID-19, odorless, colorless odorless! Look at the properties behind this highly toxic compound and aldehydes any doubt about health and issues... Fluid, a liquid used since the dawn of time to heat and cool time heat! Glycol, this chemical compound in turn lowers the freezing point and with. Common plastics % quality guaranteed prevents your car from freezing over and non-aqueous environments than water making...: at reagent, we supply high quality ethylene glycol is in antifreeze....

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