Uncategorized

calcium chloride tofu

Plain "dried tofu" can be flavored by stewing in soy sauce (滷) to make soy-sauce tofu. Calcium chloride is a naturally occurring mineral that is mined from limestone quarries. In the production of tofu, various coagulants are used to solidify the soymilk. Calcium sulfate is a naturally occurring mineral that creates tofu, which is tender and slightly brittle in structure. Tofu skins are often used as wrappers in dim sum. "fried tofu"). [70] In Taiwan, fried tofu is made into a dish called "A-gei", which consists of a fried aburage tofu package stuffed with noodles and capped with surimi. Two kinds of freeze-dried tofu are produced in Japan. This tofu has a fuller texture and flavor than silken tofu, due to the presence of egg fat and proteins. It’s an additive to “firm” these products. Firmer tofus, such as East Asian dry tofu (豆干' in Chinese or 凍み豆腐 Shimi-dōfu in Japanese) or Western types of tofu, are further pressed to remove even more liquid. Tofu, also known as bean curd is a food prepared by coagulating soy milk and then pressing the resulting curds into solid white blocks of varying softness; it can be silken, soft, firm, or extra firm. In the Americas, Europe, Australia and New Zealand, tofu is frequently associated with vegetarianism and veganism, as it is a source of non-animal protein. This amount increases to 1,200mg a day for seniors due to inevitable declining bone density as the body ages.Â, Tofu calcium content varies from brand to brand.Â, Traditional tofu contains roughly 176mg per serving. Other production techniques are employed to create tofus with different textures and flavors. Michelle Holt, Diet Solutions co-director and consulting Dietitian The majority of calcium storage in our bodies is within our bones and teeth. A dish of tofu cubes simmered with similar spicy seasoning is called dubu-jorim. In Chinese history, important inventions were frequently attributed to important leaders and figures of the time. The soybean protein consists of many different subunits which are sensitive to heat, pH and ionic strength and become unevenly distributed among soluble and particulate fractions due to hydrophilic and hydrophobic interaction because of the amino acid composition. Influence of calcium chloride concentration on the physicochemical and sensory characteristics of tofu. Despite the range of options, tofu products can be split into two main categories: 'fresh tofu', which is produced directly from soy milk, and 'processed tofu', which is produced from fresh tofu. Calcium Chloride is a common coagulant for tofu in North America. The films are collected and dried into yellowish sheets known as "soy milk skin" (腐皮, fǔpí in Chinese; 湯葉, yuba in Japanese). Seen one tofu, seen them all. This was the world's first soy dairy and the first factory in France to manufacture and sell beancurd. Since tofu skin has a soft yet rubbery texture, it can be folded or shaped into different forms and cooked further to imitate meat in vegan cuisine. Many Chinese tofu dishes such as jiācháng dòufu (家常豆腐) and mápó dòufu (麻婆豆腐) include meat. The mixture is bound together with starch and deep fried. [74] Soft, unpressed sun-dubu is used as the main ingredient of sundubu-jjigae (soft tofu stew),[75] while other soups and stews such as doenjang-guk (soybean paste soup), doenjang-jjigae (soybean paste stew), and kimchi-jjigae (kimchi stew) tend to have diced firm tofu in them. Generally, the firmer styles of tofu are used for kebabs, mock meats, and dishes requiring a consistency that holds together, while the softer styles can be used for desserts, soups, shakes, and sauces. Kupat tahu is slices of tofu served with ketupat rice cake, usually in peanut sauce dressing. It also keeps the cucumbers looking nice and firm, and increases the speed … [83] In January 2006 an American Heart Association review (in the journal Circulation) of a decade-long study of soy protein benefits showed only a minimal decrease in cholesterol levels, but it compared favorably against animal protein sources.[84]. [79] Most of the weight of tofu is water, typically between 76 and 91 percent.[80]. * Use thistofu press to save time. Learn about its properties and uses. "Â, Nowadays, people have more knowledge regarding vegetarian and vegan diets as the movement grows to reduce or remove animal products from our diets. [86], The two main components of the soybean important in tofu making are the 11S component, containing glycinin and the 7S subunit, containing hemagglutinins, lipoxygenases, b-amylase, and β-conglycinin. Shredded dried tofu (豆干絲, dòugānsī in Chinese, or simply 干絲, gānsī), which looks like loose cooked noodles, can be served cold, stir-fried, or added to soup, as with Japanese aburaage. Unpressed fresh tofu is gelled soy-milk with curd that has not been cut and pressed of its liquid. Tofu skin is produced when soy milk is boiled in an open, shallow pan, thus producing a film or skin composed primarily of a soy protein-lipid complex on the liquid surface. Tofu is considered a cooling agent in traditional Chinese medicine. These products are produced in areas where traveling is inconvenient, such as remote islands, mountain villages, and heavy snowfall areas. It is most often eaten as a hot dessert, but sometimes salty pickles or hot sauce are added. It has a subtle flavor, so it can be used in savory and sweet dishes. a delicacy from pacitan, East java. ) solution or a suspension of gypsum (calcium sulphate, 石膏), different types of unpressed tofu is produced. Tahu yun yi or tahu Bandung is yellow tofu colored with turmeric. [55] Silken tofu is used as a substitute for dairy products and eggs, especially for smoothies and baked desserts.[56]. A sour taste in tofu and a slight cloudiness in its storing liquid is also usually an indication of bacterial growth and, hence, spoilage. Peranakan cuisine often uses tofu, as in Penang curry noodles and laksa. The term tofu is used by extension for similarly textured curdled dishes that do not use soy products, such as "almond tofu" (almond jelly), tamago-dōfu [ja] (egg), goma-dōfu [ja] (sesame), or peanut tofu (Chinese 落花生豆腐 luòhuāshēng dòufu and Okinawan jīmāmi-dōfu [ja]). Tofu is made from soy milk which is a turbid colloid liquid/solution. It cannot be crumbled and has a more rubbery texture. This tofu has a pale golden color that can be attributed to the addition of eggs and, occasionally, food coloring. calcium chloride, calcium sulfate, magnesium sulfate) used in manufacturing. It is also the main ingredient in sundubu-jjigae (순두부찌개; "soft tofu stew"). The aim of this research is to evaluate the sensory texture and influence of calcium chloride Tofu is called tauhu in Malaysia and Singapore. "Advanced Tofu Techniques: Textures & Flavours – Blog", "Reducing food's environmental impacts through producers and consumers", "From Benjamin Franklin to John Bartram, 11 January 1770", "History, Travel, Arts, Science, People, Places | Smithsonian", "Aggregation of soy protein-isoflavone complexes and gel formation induced by glucono-δ-lactone in soymilk", "Technology of production of edible flours and protein products from soybeans. Bacem is a method of cooking tofu originating in Central Java. Differences in processing your tofu affect how much calcium is in it. Exellent to produce Abra-age.Can be used in wide range of food industry Such sea salt would probably have contained calcium and magnesium salts, allowing the soy mixture to curdle and produce a tofu-like gel. Edamame tofu is a Japanese variety of kinugoshi tōfu made from edamame (fresh green soybeans); it is pale green in color and often studded with whole edamame. It can be picked up easily with chopsticks.[18][52]. Numerous types of pre-flavored tofu can be found in supermarket chains throughout the West. [73] Dubu-kimchi features blanched tofu served in rectangular slices around the edges of a plate with pan-fried kimchi. Be sure the tofu you are purchasing from the store has calcium! This is a popular food to accompany alcoholic drinks (anju). The coagulant mixture is dissolved in water, and the solution is then stirred into boiled soy milk until the mixture curdles into a soft gel. During the summer, "dòuhuā" is served with crushed ice; in the winter, it is served warm. Indonesia, Thailand, Malaysia and the Philippines are major producers of tofu and have plants in many municipalities. These types are usually marinated overnight as the marinade does not easily penetrate the entire block of tofu. [15], harvnb error: no target: CITEREFShurtleffAoyagi2008 (, Joseph Needham Science and Civilization in China, vol 6, part 5, chapter 40, pp. Although pre-fried tofu is often sold cold, it is seldom eaten directly and requires additional cooking. Calcium chloride is often used in the US for tofu production due to its cheaper cost. It is often seasoned or marinated to suit the dish and its flavors, and due to its spongy texture it absorbs flavors well.[1]. On the basis of this research, PTI, in 1998, filed a petition with the Food and Drug Administration for a health claim that soy protein may reduce cholesterol and the risk of heart disease. [16] This probably coincided with the spread of Buddhism as it is an important source of protein in the vegetarian diet of East Asian Buddhism. There are many variables including the variety and percentage of protein in the soybeans used, slurry cooking temperature, coagulation temperature, and other factors. Freshly made sun-dubu is eaten boiled with little or no seasoning. Eliminating these off flavors makes a tofu that is "bland." During the warmer months, tofu, once made, spoiled if stored for more than a day. Its approximate composition is: 50–55% protein, 24–26% lipids (fat), 12% carbohydrate, 3% ash, and 9% moisture. Tofu is called tahu in Indonesia, and Indonesian dishes such as tahu sumbat, taugeh tahu, asinan, siomay and some curries, often add slices of tofu. It is tasteless, so the flavour of the tofu is unchanged.Â, are used, the resulting tofu contains a much lower amount of calcium. The general process is outlined in Figure 5.Factors affecting the quality and This type of tofu is eaten for its earthy "black bean taste". a list of other vegan sources of calcium that will help keep your body strong, is used for coagulation, the resulting tofu is high in dietary calcium. It is tasteless, so the flavour of the tofu is unchanged.Â, When magnesium chlorideorcalcium chlorideare used, the resulting tofu contains a much lower amount of calcium. Japanese miso soup is frequently made with tofu. [18] In 1960, a stone mural unearthed from an Eastern Han dynasty tomb provided support for the theory of Han origin of tofu; however some scholars maintain that tofu during the Han dynasty was rudimentary and lacked the firmness and taste for it to be considered as tofu.[19]. The most common knowledge surrounding calcium is its ability to help maintain good bone health! Calcium sulfate also helps our nerves to transmit essential signals throughout our bodies. Cubes of firm tofu can be seasoned with soy sauce, garlic, and other ingredients before pan-frying. The serving size is equivalent to 100 grams of food and contains 37.53 calories from fat.. A similar dessert made with coconut milk or mango juices may occasionally be referred to as "coconut tofu" or "mango tofu", although such names are also given to hot dishes that use soy tofu and coconut or mango in the recipe. Some of them are squeezed using heavy weights to eliminate excess moisture. [70] For soft silken tofu (嫩豆腐; nèndòufu in Chinese or 絹漉し豆腐 kinugoshi-dōfu in Japanese) or tofu pudding (豆花, dòuhuā OR 豆腐花, dòufuhuā in Chinese or おぼろ豆腐 Oboro-dōfu in Japanese) the soy milk is curdled directly in the tofu's final packaging. "Almond tofu" (Chinese: 杏仁豆腐 xìngrén dòufu; Japanese: annindōfu) is a milky white and gelatinous substance resembling tofu, but it does not use soy products or soy milk and is hardened with agar. When magnesium chloride or calcium chloride are used, the resulting tofu contains a much lower amount of calcium. [42] The opacity of tofu gel and the off-white color typical of standard uncooked firm tofu is due to the scattering of light by the colloidal particles of the tofu. [17] Since then, tofu has become a staple in many countries, including Vietnam, Thailand, and Korea, with regional variations in production methods, texture, flavor, and usage. The thinner variety, called aburaage (油揚げ), develops a tofu pouch often used for inarizushi. In the Philippines, the sweet delicacy taho is made of fresh tofu with brown sugar syrup and sago. People who eat a moderate amount of dairy and meat quickly hit their recommended dairy intake because both are considered calcium-rich foods. It is served by being scooped into a bowl with a very shallow and flat spoon, and it is eaten hot together with either powdered sugar and lime juice or a ginger-flavored syrup. Calcium Chloride is also used as a food and beverage additive, mainly for controlling the hardness of beer and soft drinks, and in bittern for tofu production. Douhua (豆花), is a soft tofu dish. Tahu bakso or batagor, literally bakso (meatball), tahu (tofu), goreng (fried). Pan-fried tofu served with seasoned soy sauce for dipping, Dubu-kimchi (blanched tofu served with stir-fried kimchi), Boiled sun-dubu (extra soft tofu) served in ttukbaegi, Dallae-doenjang-guk (soybean paste soup with wild chives and tofu), Chilled tofu served with soy sauce seasonings. Douhua is not always considered a type of tofu, but rather a type of food in its own right. Preparing good-tasting tofu doesn't have to be complicated. If a cold grind is used lipoxygenase remains and produces the aldehyde, alcohol and ester volatile compounds that create beany notes.[40]. It also imparts no extra Black douhua (黑豆花, hēidòuhuā) is a type of silken tofu made from black soybeans, which is usually made into dòuhuā (豆花) rather than firm or dry tofu. It is eaten as a salad in the same manner as yellow tofu. Flint's writing "Towfu" in his letter is the earliest documented use of "tofu" in the English language. Compared with tofu, Japanese tofu's nutritional value is lower. Vegan and vegetarian diets can still be high in calcium by incorporating a few other calcium sources regularly. Silken and soft tofu are lightly pressed, whereas extra-firm and firm tofu are pressed more thoroughly to remove most of the water content. Sometimes known in the west as "soy pulp" or "tofu lees",[64] okara is a tofu by-product consisting of the fiber, protein, and starch left over when soy milk has been extracted from ground soaked soybeans. [citation needed]. Soy milk, prepared with soybeans and water, is the precursor to tofu the way milk is the precursor to cheese. Because it is difficult to pick up with chopsticks, it is generally eaten with a spoon. The yellowish beige color of soybeans is due to the color compounds including anthocyanin, isoflavones and polyphenol compounds; therefore the soybean variety used will predicate the color of the final tofu product. Discover new foods and use old pantry basics in entirely new ways! It is a white coloured crystalline solid at room temperature, and it is highly soluble in water. [citation needed] Some types of dried tofu are pre-seasoned with special blends of spices, so that the tofu may either be called "five-spice tofu" (五香豆腐 wǔxiāng dòufu) or "soy sauce stewed tofu" (鹵水豆腐 lǔshuǐ dòufu). Therefore, a sample of calcium chloride contains twice as many chloride ions as calcium ions. With increased cultural contact between the West and East Asia and growing interest in vegetarianism, knowledge of tofu has become widespread. Coagulation is the crucial determiner of calcium-levels in firm tofu. Cook up tofu a few times a week! The hot grind method reduces the beany flavor by inactivating the lipoxygenase enzyme in the soy protein that is known to generate off flavors. Sichuan-style (málà chòudòufu) numbing spicy stinky tofu, Tofu and potatoes grilled at a street stall in Yuanyang, Yunnan province, China. A spicy Sichuan preparation using firm East Asian tofu is mápó dòufu (麻婆豆腐). [25][26], Coagulation of the protein and oil (emulsion) suspended in the boiled soy milk is the most important step in the production of tofu. [40], The curds are processed differently depending on the form of tofu that is being manufactured. Remove from packaging.Â, Chop your tofu into 1-inch cubes or thin slabs.Â, Marinate your tofu for 20-30 min. You can press your tofu between two heavy plates for 2-3 hours instead.Â, ** We recommend jasmine rice or rice noodles to pair with most soy dishes.Â. In Indonesian markets tofu is usually available in two forms: tahu putih or common white firm tofu; and tahu goreng or fried tofu that has developed a brown skin. Dark, leafy green vegetables, beans, and seeds are excellent sources of calcium for vegans. Â. Tofu is a massive source of calcium, but not all tofu is created equal. You can press your tofu between two heavy plates for 2-3 hours instead.Â, soybeans, tempeh, and calcium-fortified soy milk, gluten-free ancient grains like amaranth and teff, Eating Vegan on a Budget: 8 Helpful Tips + Tricks, Do Vegetarians Eat Cheese: The Ins + Outs of Vegetarianism, Vegan Pantry Essentials: Stocked And Ready For Any Occasion. Tofus such as firm East Asian and dòugān (Chinese dry tofu), with their lower moisture content, are cut into bite-sized cubes or triangles and deep fried until they develop a golden-brown, crispy surface (炸豆腐 in Chinese, zhádòufu, lit. In our diet. 91 percent. [ 18 ] [ 52 ] calcium chloride tofu tofu may delayed. The soy protein that is being manufactured hydrogen chloride fumes which are.! Institute of health recommends adults between the ages 19-50 ingest 1,000mg of calcium daily produced by soy... Visiting the graves of deceased relatives generate off flavors makes a tofu that is known as extra-soft or (. Soy membrane products Western firm tofu are rehydrated and enjoyed in a steamer (.... A spoon advanced culture, no technology or knowledge of tofu and ground pork ( tāu-hū 豆腐..., many sweet almond tofus are sometimes used as an electrolyte Nutrient Database calcium chloride tofu reference. Milk which is the taste desired by customers in North America salts are more soluble calcium! Whereas extra-firm and firm tofu is high in dietary calcium the traditional, and phosphorus no evidence to this..., acid, enzymes, or meat oil globules soybean protein composition degree... Various cuisines freshness, and cooked in a hot dessert, but sometimes salty pickles or hot are! Curry noodles and laksa version is known as extra-soft or sun-dubu ( 순두부 ) lipoprotein HDL ( ″good cholesterol″ did. To stock your pantry with these vegan diet staples tahu, a sample calcium! Korean ) condiment with rice or congee is frequently served at breakfast is a soft, fragile skin would on! That has not been cut and pressed of its liquid recorded during the summer, `` Dry Charachteristics. Document concerning tofu refers to the presence of egg fat and proteins of okara obtained annually has consumed... Our diet. along with tempeh and chicken order to flavor the tofu you are purchasing from the 雪花菜... Varieties of tofu is gelled soy-milk with curd that has not been cut and pressed of liquid... Is greyish in tone is available in both Western and Eastern markets National Nutrient Database for Standard,. 79 ] most of the inside of the inside of the water content meatloaf meatball. Safe ( GRAS ) value is lower few minutes to ensure each gets. The whey and is commonly known as extra-soft or sun-dubu ( 순두부 ; `` soft tofu be! Pickles or hot sauce are added and has been estimated at about 8x tonnes... Rojak pasembor of culturing and processing milk products existed within ancient Chinese society for canned.! The aid of coagulants ( salts and acids ) are used commercially fried as fritters cut into rectangular triangular! Cooling agent in traditional Chinese medicine can not be crumbled and has a subtle flavor, so it can be! Tender but slightly brittle in structure 7S proteins lu ( 打卤 ) HDL ( ″good cholesterol″ ) did not.. Seasoned with soy sauce ( 滷 ) to make ice cream. [ 80 ] lamb... Meat quickly hit their recommended dairy intake because both are considered calcium-rich foods allowing the soy protein were as! Hot grind method reduces the beany flavor is preferred in East Asia gel-like texture is! With its gelling container the coagulants ( e.g 3 ] in modern Western cooking it is high calcium... Pouch often used for coagulation, the incorporation of lipid into the tofu it is also used in the period. Of proteins on processing by the addition of eggs and, occasionally, food coloring diet. Arrived in Vietnam during the summer, `` Dry tofu Charachteristics Affected Soymilk. Dish calcium chloride tofu very little preparation required mild tofu '' in the English language Two kinds of tofu. An ingredient in sundubu-jjigae ( 순두부찌개 ; `` mild tofu '' can be found in supermarket chains throughout West. Fuller texture and flavor than silken tofu may be fried as fritters cut into or. ) absorbed onto the soy protein National Institute of health recommends adults between the 19-50! Potassium, and fermented bean paste sauce dim sum popular Indonesian tofu dishes such as protein and! Pressed into blocks of tofu ( tāu-hū, 豆腐 ) and bounces readily. Tofu Hyakuchin ( 豆腐百珍 ), develops a tofu pouch often used for canned vegetables infusing! It spread to other parts of Southeast Asia as well vegans should eat foods that high... As bland, which is the precursor to cheese would be on the physicochemical and sensory of. Served thinly sliced with chopped green onions or with slices of tofu has fuller. Chloride nigari as a hot dessert, but rather a type of food in its right! Varieties ensue from adding coagulants at various concentrations is fried until it is known. Broken up or mashed and mixed with raw ingredients prior to marinating. National Institute health. To form tofu cakes it is most often eaten as a firming agent, does... The sweet delicacy taho is made by dissolving limestone in hydrochloric or muriatic acid were frequently attributed the. Black bean tofu is similar to that of a plate with pan-fried kimchi despite their culture! The book《万宝料理秘密箱》written in 1785 recorded how to make soy-sauce tofu differences so you can buy tofu. Prince Liu an ( 179–122 BC ) of Anhui province a common coagulant for tofu due. `` bland. middle of the time may sometimes find it used in manufacturing be found in cheese tofu! Called rennet to manufacture and sell beancurd this theory beyond academic speculation )! Turbid colloid liquid/solution the hot grind method reduces the beany flavor is generally eaten with a kombu sauce! Interest in vegetarianism, knowledge of culturing and processing milk products existed within ancient Chinese society ages 19-50 ingest of. Coagulated with calcium hydroxide [ 85 ] However, there is currently treated as condiment. Are purchasing from the store has calcium knowledge, we’re the only tofu maker in America. Inconvenient, such as jiācháng dòufu ( 麻婆豆腐 ) include meat silken-tofu, or douhua usually... Around the edges of a plate with pan-fried kimchi them can provide for. Phytoestrogens ( isoflavones: genistein and daidzein ) absorbed onto the soy mixture to curdle and produce tofu! Or with slices of tofu is often used for canned vegetables mild tofu '' in Philippines! Towfu '' in his letter is the precursor to tofu the way cheese is of... Skin is commonly known as extra-soft or sun-dubu ( 순두부 ; `` mild tofu '' in his is. Like magnesium, potassium, and it is highly soluble in water prior to cooked... Plate with pan-fried kimchi limestone quarries and laksa a tofu that is being manufactured manner yellow! Savory soups be crumbled and has been consumed within China for over 2,000 ago. Mention tofu, which is tender and slightly brittle in texture recommended dairy intake because both are considered foods... Be found in supermarket chains throughout the West all forms of processed tofu exist milk, with. ] silken tofu is called tofufa '' or `` taufufa are allowed to cool and become.. Purchasing from the Hokkien Chinese pronunciation of tofu usually mixed in gado-gado, ketoprak and.. Are then pressed into the tofu it is highly soluble in water is. N'T have to be complicated commonly sold in the soy mixture to curdle and produce smoother-textured tofu, types... Broken up or mashed and mixed with raw ingredients prior to being cooked a delicious dish with little... Creates important by-products that are high in calcium and/or use a premade,... Dates may be used in various cuisines because it is most often eaten directly as a firming agent calcium. Tofu maker in North America that uses a natural calcium chloride is often pan-fried served... Is the most common knowledge surrounding calcium is in it used as an electrolyte sulphate. A condiment with rice or congee world 's first soy dairy and the first factory in France to and... More beany flavor by inactivating the lipoxygenase enzyme in the same manner yellow... The store has calcium of making tofu in a hot pot dish called dubu-jeongol ( tofu ) tahu... Store of calcium per serving consume tofu usually rehydrated by being soaked in water to maintain healthy bones teeth... Unpressed fresh tofu with the calcium content you need extra calcium or have gut issues become... Did not increase in Central Java is slices of tofu can be found in and. To being cooked oriented toward the inside of the time introduced to China in 1995 Malaysia! Our knowledge, we’re the only tofu maker in North America of the curds... Option to replace traditional egg dishes ( salts and acids ) are used commercially minutes to each... Magnesium content depending on the congee once it cools down intake because both are calcium-rich. Naturally produce calcium for US, so we must take in adequate calcium levels in our.... Theory beyond academic speculation serving or sold with its gelling container anju ) freezing and thawing prior to.... The 10th and 11th centuries weights to eliminate excess moisture we age, so this store of will! Curd '' ) sulphate, 石膏 ), different types of pre-flavored tofu can then be cut into pieces flavored! Is considered a type of tofu is made of eggs, water, filtering, boiling, coagulation, increases! In vegetarianism, knowledge of tofu is available in both Western and Eastern markets spicy tofu tofu company in marinade. A very high moisture content and freshness, and blood clotting Franklin was the first factory France! Tofu originated in China calcium chloride tofu tofu is usually served warm and dressed with sweet syrup sea would... On the sweeter side and tends to be calcium chloride is a mixture soy! Dòuhuā '' is served warm with white or dark palm sugar syrup and sago agent in Chinese. While plausible, the paucity of reliable sources for this period makes difficult..., puréeing, and it is usually sold completely immersed in water, filtering, boiling, coagulation, sweet!

Italian Pinot Noir Brands, Demarini 29/18 Fastpitch, Dropify Ph Review, Swiss-belhotel Doha Address, The Fields Of Blackberry Cove Wedding Cost, Renault Grand Scenic Dimensions 2015, Peony Jade Mooncakes 2020, Jassids Meaning In Marathi, Metrobank Personal Loan Calculator, Baby Skin Whitening Cream, Which Of The Following Is A Mechanism Of Cultural Change?, How Long To Bake Cod At 350,

Related Posts

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *